JPAC Joint United Kingdom (UK) Blood Transfusion and Tissue Transplantation Services Professional Advisory Committee

7.11: Platelets, Pooled, Buffy Coat Derived, in Additive Solution and Plasma, Leucocyte Depleted

Update notice:   Section 7.11.1, 7.11.2  and 7.11.3 - Technical information has been updated following the the issue of Change Notification 19 - 2015.
The tables in the sections 7.9.4, 7.10.4, 7.11.4, 7.12.4, 7.29.4 and 7.30.4 have been updated following the issue of Change Notification No 34 – 2016.

A platelet concentrate, derived from buffy coats, which contains less than 1 × 106 leucocytes and where the suspending medium comprises approximately 30% plasma and 70% additive solution.

7.11.1: Technical Information

  • The component is manufactured as a primary component and not as a remanufactured secondary component.
     
  • Donations of whole blood where the bleed time exceeded 15 minutes are not suitable for platelet production.
     
  • The buffy coats must be prepared at ambient temperature from whole blood where the surface temperature of packs has not dropped below 18°C.
     
  • Initial separation of buffy coat must occur within 24 hours of venepuncture (unless supported by additional validation), with a minimum buffy coat rest period of 2 hours before secondary pooling and processing of buffy coats to produce the final component, which is generally completed before the end of Day 1.
     
  • The proportion of plasma carried over into the final component should be determined by validation and will depend upon the type of additive solution and platelet storage pack. Re-validation of the proportion of plasma carried over must be performed at least annually on a minimum of 25 units and after any changes to production method.
     
  • The volume of suspension medium must be sufficient to maintain the pH within the range 6.4–7.4 at the end of the shelf life of the component.
     
  • Where the production process transfers the final component into a pack that was not part of the original pack assembly, a secure system must be in place to ensure the audit trail and the correct identification number is put on the final component pack.
     
  • Platelets, Pooled, Buffy Coat Derived, in Additive Solution and Plasma, Leucocyte Depleted, should be transfused through a 170–200 μm filter.

7.11.2: Labelling

For general guidelines, see section 6.6.

The following shall be included on the label:

(* = in eye-readable and UKBTS approved barcode format)

  • Platelets in Additive Solution and Plasma, Leucocyte Depleted * and volume
     
  • the blood component producer’s name*
     
  • a unique pool or batch number or the donation number of all contributing platelet units*
     
  • the RhD group stated as positive or negative*
     
  • the expiry date*
     
  • the temperature of storage and a comment that continuous gentle agitation throughout storage is recommended
     
  • the blood pack lot number*

In addition, the following statements should be made:

INSTRUCTION

Always check patient/component compatibility/identity

Inspect pack and contents for signs of deterioration or damage

Risk of adverse reaction/infection, including vCJD

7.11.3: Storage

For general guidelines, see section 6.7.

  • The storage period depends on a number of factors including the nature of the container, the concentration of platelets and on whether an open or closed system is used.
     
  • Packs currently in use for this purpose allow for storage at a core temperature of 22 ±2°C with continuous gentle agitation for up to 5 days in a closed system. Appropriate pack and platelet concentration combinations may allow storage up to 7 days, but due to concerns over bacterial contamination would require either an assay to exclude bacterial contamination prior to transfusion or application of a licensed pathogen reduction procedure.
     
  • If any production stage involves an open system, after preparation the component should be used as soon as possible. If storage is unavoidable, the component should be stored at a core temperature of 22 ±2°C with continuous agitation and used within 6 hours.  If platelet agitation is interrupted due to equipment breakdown or prolonged transportation, platelets are suitable for use provided that no single interruption lasts for more than eight hours, and the total length of all interruptions is no longer than 24 hours.

7.11.4: Testing

In addition to the mandatory and other tests required for blood donations described in Chapter 9 and leucocyte counting (see section 6.3 and 7.1), a minimum of 75% of those components tested for the parameters shown at Table 7.8 shall meet the specified values.

Table 7.8 Platelets in Additive Solution and Plasma – additional tests

Parameter Frequency of test Specification

Volume

1% or as determined by statistical process control
(if ≤10 components produced per month then test every available component)

Within locally defined nominal volume range

Platelet count

≥240 × 109/pool

pH at end of shelf life

If less than 10 per month, every available component

≥6.4

Leucocyte count*

As per sections 6.3 and 7.1

<1 × 106/pool*

* Methods validated for counting low levels of leucocytes must be used

Note: Visual inspection of platelet components for the swirling phenomenon, clumping, excessive red cell contamination and abnormal volume is a useful pre-issue check.

7.11.5: Transportation

For general guidelines, see section 6.11.

Containers for transporting platelets should be equilibrated at room temperature before use. During transportation the temperature of platelets must be kept as close as possible to the recommended storage temperature and, on receipt, unless intended for immediate therapeutic use, the component should be transferred to storage at a core temperature of 22 ±2°C with continuous gentle agitation. Plastic overwraps should be removed prior to storage.