JPAC Joint United Kingdom (UK) Blood Transfusion and Tissue Transplantation Services Professional Advisory Committee

Appendix 1: Key websites and references

Websites

UK Blood Services

NHS Blood and Transplant http://www.nhsbt.nhs.uk

Northern Ireland Blood Transfusion Service http://www.nibts.org

Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service http://www.scotblood.co.uk

Welsh Blood Service http://www.welsh-blood.org.uk

Guidelines and systematic reviews

American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) – technical and clinical guidelines
http://www.aabb.org/resources

British Committee for Standards in Haematology (BCSH)
http://www.bcshguidelines.com

Cochrane Collaboration – systematic reviews
http://www.cochrane.org

NATA (Network for Advancement of Transfusion Alternatives)
http://www.nataonline.com

NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) – clinical guidelines and quality standards http://www.nice.org.uk

Oxford Systematic Review Initiative – systematic reviews of clinical trials in transfusion medicine http://www.ndcls.ox.ac.uk/systematic-review-initiative-sri

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Green Top Guidelines
http://www.rcog.org.uk/guidelines

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network http://www.sign.ac.uk

Transfusion Evidence Library: systematic reviews and randomised controlled trials
http://www.transfusionevidencelibrary.com

UK Blood Transfusion and Tissue Transplantation Services (professional guidelines, best practice and clinical information) http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk

Haemovigilance

Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) http://www.shotuk.org

Miscellaneous

British National Formulary http://bnf.org/bnf

LearnBloodTransfusion – an interactive e-learning resource for hospital staff
developed by the Better Blood Transfusion Continuing Education Programme
http://www.learnbloodtransfusion.org.uk

National Comparative Audit of Blood Transfusion
http://hospital.blood.co.uk/safe_use/clinical_audit/national_comparative/index.asp

National CJD Research and Surveillance Unit http://www.cjd.ed.ac.uk/index.html

NHSBT Hospitals and Science website http://www.blood.co.uk/hospitals/products

UK Haemophilia Centre Doctors’ Organisation http://www.ukhcdo.org

References

Note: references are cited in the order in which they appear in the text.

Chapter 1

NHS Blood and Transplant ‘Transfusion 10 commandments’ bookmark
http://hospital.blood.co.uk/library/pdf/10_commandments_bookmark_2011_07.pdf

Chapter 2

Milkins C, Berryman J, Cantwell C, Elliott C, Haggas R, Jones J, Rowley M, Williams M, Win N (2012). Guidelines for Pre-Transfusion Compatibility Procedures in Blood Transfusion Laboratories. British Committee for Standards in Haematology
(http://www.bcshguidelines.com); Transfusion Medicine 2013, 23: 3–35.

Chapter 3

Guidelines for the Blood Transfusion Services in the UK, 8th edition (Red Book).
http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/index.aspx?Publication=RB

Chapter 4

Guideline on the Administration of Blood Components (2009). British Committee for Standards in Haematology. http://www.bcshguidelines.com

Green J, Pirie L (2009). A Framework to Support Nurses and Midwives Making the Clinical Decision and Providing the Written Instruction for Blood Component Transfusion.
http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/docs/pdfs/BTFramework-final010909.pdf

Murphy M, Wallis J, Birchall J (2013). Indication Codes for Transfusion – An Audit Tool. http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/docs/pdfs/nbtc_2014_04_recs_indication_codes_2013.pdf

Chapter 5

Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) Annual reports and summaries.
http://www.shotuk.org/shot-reports

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), Serious Adverse Blood Reactions and Events (SABRE). http://www.mhra.gov.uk/Safetyinformation/Reportingsafetyproblems/Blood/

Tinegate H, Birchall J, Gray A, Haggas R, Massey E, Norfolk D, Pinchon D, Sewell C, Wells A, Allard S (2012). Guideline on the investigation and management of acute transfusion reactions. Prepared by the BCSH Blood Transfusion Task Force. British Journal of Haematology 159: 143–153. http://www.bcshguidelines.com

UK Resuscitation Council (UKRC) Guidelines (2010). http://www.resus.org.uk/pages/guide.htm

Advisory Committee on the Safety of Blood, Tissues and Organs (SaBTO) (2012). Cytomegalovirus Tested Blood Components – Position Statement. http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/@dh/@en/documents/digitalasset/dh_133086.pdf

Chapter 6

Boulton FE, James V (2007). Guidelines for policies on alternatives to allogeneic blood transfusion. 1. Predeposit autologous blood donation and transfusion. British Committee for Standards in Haematology (http://www.bcshguidelines.com); Transfusion Medicine
17: 354–365.

UK Cell Salvage Action Group (in Better Blood Transfusion Toolkit).
http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/Index.aspx?Publication=BBT&Section=22&pageid=7507

NICE Clinical Guideline (2005). Intraoperative Blood Cell Salvage in Obstetrics (IPG144). http://guidance.nice.org.uk/IPG144

Carless PA, Henry DA, Moxey AJ, O’Connell D, Brown T, Fergusson DA (2010). The Cochrane Library: Cell Salvage for Minimising Perioperative Allogeneic Blood Transfusion http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD001888.pub4/abstract

Ker K, Roberts I, Perel P, Murphy M (2012). Effect of tranexamic acid on surgical bleeding: systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis. British Medical Journal 344: e3054. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e3054

Shakur H, Roberts I, Bautista R et al. (2010). Effects of tranexamic acid on death, vascular occlusive events, and blood transfusion in trauma patients with significant haemorrhage (CRASH-2): a randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 376: 23–32.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20554319?dopt=Abstract&access_num= 20554319&link_type=MED

Tranexamic acid for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: an international randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial (WOMAN trial).
http://www.thewomantrial.lshtm.ac.uk

Simpson E, Lin Y, Stanworth S, Birchall J, Doree C, Hyde C (2012). The Cochrane Library: Recombinant Factor VIIa for the Prevention and Treatment of Bleeding in Patients without Haemophilia. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD005011.pub4/abstract

Chapter 7

Patient Blood Management
http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/Index.aspx?Publication=NTC&Section=
27&pageid=7728

National Blood Authority, Australia. Patient Blood Management Guidelines.
http://www.nba.gov.au/guidelines/review.html

Makris M, Van Veen JJ, Tait CR, Mumford AD, Laffan M (2012). Guideline on the management of bleeding in patients on antithrombotic agents. British Committee for Standards in Haematology British Journal of Haematology 160: 35–46.
http://www.bcshguidelines.com/documents/bleeding_on_antithrombotics_Makris_2012.pdf

Keeling, D, Baglin T, Tait, C, Watson, H, Perry D, Baglin C, Kitchen S, Makris M (2011). Guideline on Oral Anticoagulation with Warfarin. British Committee for Standards in Haematology. http://www.bcshguidelines.com

Hébert PC, Wells G, Blajchman MA, Marshall J, Martin C, Pagliarello G, Tweeddale M, Schweitzer I, Yetisir E (1999). A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of transfusion requirements in critical care. Transfusion Requirements in Critical Care Investigators, Canadian Critical Care Trials Group. New England Journal of Medicine 340(6), 409–417. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9971864

Retter A, Wyncoll D, Pearse R, Carson D, McKechnie S, Stanworth S, Allard S, Thomas D, Walsh T (2012). Guidelines on the management of anaemia and red cell transfusion in adult critically ill patients. British Committee for Standards in Haematology
(http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bjh.12143/full); British Journal of Haematology 2013, 160: 445–464.

UK Blood Transfusion and Tissue Transplantation Services (2012). Massive Haemorrhage Toolkit. http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/Index.aspx?pageid=7675&publication=RTC

Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland, 2010. Blood Transfusion and the Anaesthetist: Management of Massive Haemorrhage.
http://www.aagbi.org/sites/default/files/massive_haemorrhage_2010_0.pdf

NICE Clinical Guideline (2012). Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Haemorrhage: Management. Guideline 141. http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/13762/59549/59549.pdf

Shakur H, Roberts I, Bautista R et al. (2010). Effects of tranexamic acid on death, vascular occlusive events, and blood transfusion in trauma patients with significant haemorrhage (CRASH-2): a randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 376: 23–32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20554319?dopt=Abstract&access_num=20554319&link_type=MED

Villanueva C, Colomo A, Bosch A et al. (2013). Transfusion strategies for acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. New England Journal of Medicine 368, 11–21.
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMx130015

TRIGGER (transfusion in gastrointestinal bleeding) trial. http://www.nhsbt.nhs.uk/trigger

Chapter 8

Murphy MF, Waters JH, Wood EM, Yazer MH (2013). Transfusing blood safely and appropriately. British Medical Journal 347, f4303.

National Comparative Audit of Blood Transfusion (2011). Audit of Use of Blood in Adult Medical Patients – Part 1 http://hospital.blood.co.uk/library/pdf/Medical_Use_Audit_Part_1_Report.pdf

Rizzo JD, Brouwers M, Hurley P et al. (2010). ASCO–ASH clinical practice guideline update on the use of epoetin and darbepoetin in adult patients with cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology 28: 4996–5010. http://www.asco.org/institute-quality/asco-ash-clinical-practice-guideline-update-use-epoetin-and-darbepoetin-adult

UK Thalassaemia Society. Standards for the Clinical Care of Children and Adults with Thalassaemia in the UK. http://www.hbpinfo.com/ukts-standards-2008.pdf

NHS Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Screening Programme.
http://sct.screening.nhs.uk/cms.php?folder=2493

Sickle Cell Society (2013). Standards for the clinical care of adults with sickle cell disease in the UK. http://www.sicklecellsociety.org/app/webroot/files/files/CareBook.pdf

Stanworth SJ, Estcourt LJ, Powter G et al. (2013). A no-prophylaxis platelet-transfusion strategy for hematologic cancers (TOPPS trial). New England Journal of Medicine 368: 1771–1780.

Treleaven J, Gennery A, Marsh J, Norfolk D, Page L, Parker A, Saran F, Thurston F, Webb D (2010). Guidelines on the use of irradiated blood components. British Committee for Standards in Haematology (http://www.bcshguidelines.com); British Journal of Haematology 152: 35–51.

Chapter 9

UK Guidelines on the Management of Iron Deficiency in Pregnancy (2011).
British Committee for Standards in Haematology. http://www.bcshguidelines.com

Centre for Maternal and Child Enquiries (CMACE). Saving Mother’s Lives. Reviewing Maternal Deaths to Make Motherhood Safer: 2006–2008.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02847.x/pdf

Tranexamic acid for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: an international randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial (WOMAN trial).
http://www.thewomantrial.lshtm.ac.uk

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (2011). Postpartum Haemorrhage: Prevention and Management (Green Top 52). http://www.rcog.org.uk/womens-health/clinical-guidance/prevention-and-management-postpartum-haemorrhage-green-top-52

Guideline for Blood Grouping and Antibody Testing in Pregnancy (2006). British Committee for Standards in Haematology (a revised version is in preparation).
http://www.bcshguidelines.com/documents/antibody_testing_pregnancy_bcsh_07062006.pdf

Guidelines for the Use of Prophylactic Anti-D Immunoglobulin (2006). British Committee for Standards in Haematology (a revised version is in preparation).
http://www.bcshguidelines.com/documents/Anti-D_bcsh_07062006.pdf

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (2011). The Use of Anti-D Immunoglobulin for Rhesus D Prophylaxis (Green Top Guideline No. 22).
http://www.rcog.org.uk/files/rcog-corp/GTG22AntiDJuly2013.pdf

Guidelines for the Estimation of Fetomaternal Haemorrhage (2009). British Committee for Standards in Haematology. http://www.bcshguidelines.com

Chapter 10

National Comparative Audit of Blood Transfusion (2010). National Comparative Audit of Red Cells in Neonates and Children 2010.
http://hospital.blood.co.uk/library/pdf/NCA_red_cells_neonates_children.pdf

Peterson JA, McFarland JG, Curtis BR, Aster RH (2013). Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia: pathogenesis, diagnosis and management. British Journal of Haematology 161: 3–14. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23384054

Gibson BES et al. (2004). Transfusion Guidelines for Neonates and Older Children. British Committee for Standards in Haematology (http://www.bcshguidelines.com); British Journal of Haematology 124: 433–453 (a revised version is in preparation).

Whyte R, Kirpalani H (2011). Low versus high haemoglobin concentration threshold for blood transfusion for preventing morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews CD000512.

Venkatesh V, Khan R, Curley A, New H, Stanworth S (2012). How we decide when a neonate needs a transfusion (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23094805); British Journal of Haematology 2013, 160: 421–433.

Milkins C, Berryman J, Cantwell C, Elliott C, Haggas R, Jones J, Rowley M, Williams M, Win N (2012). Guidelines for Pre-Transfusion Compatibility Procedures in Blood Transfusion Laboratories. British Committee for Standards in Haematology
(http://www.bcshguidelines.com); Transfusion Medicine 2013, 23: 3–35.

Lacroix, J et al. (2007). Transfusion strategies for patients in pediatric intensive care units. New England Journal of Medicine 356: 1609–1619.

Chapter 11

Szczepiorkowski ZM, Winters JL, Bandarenko N et al. (2010). Guidelines on the use of therapeutic apheresis in clinical practice – evidence-based approach from the Apheresis Applications Committee of the American Society for Apheresis. Journal of Clinical Apheresis 25(3): 83–177. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20568098

Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Thrombocytopenic Purpura and other Thrombotic Microangiopathies (2012). British Committee for Standards in Haematology. http://www.bcshguidelines.com

Chapter 12

Information leaflets for patients and parents (NHSBT).
http://hospital.blood.co.uk/library/patient_information_leaflets/leaflets/

Information leaflets for patients and parents (SNBTS).
http://www.scotblood.co.uk/media/11442/receiving_a_transfusion_v12.pdf

Jehovah’s Witnesses Hospital Information Services. his@uk.jw.org

London Regional Transfusion Committee. Care Pathways for the Management of Adult Patients Refusing Blood (including Jehovah’s Witnesses Patients).
http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/docs/pdfs/rtc-lo_2012_05_jw_policy.pdf

Pre-op assessment for Jehovah’s witnesses (in Better Blood Transfusion Toolkit). http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/index.aspx?Publication=BBT&Section=22&pageid=1352

Royal College of Surgeons of England (2002). Code of Practice for the Surgical Management of Jehovah’s Witnesses.
http://www.rcseng.ac.uk/publications/docs/jehovahs_witness.html

Developing a Blood Conservation Care Plan for Jehovah’s Witness Patients with Malignant Disease (2012). http://www.transfusionguidelines.org.uk/docs/pdfs/bbt-JW-Care-Plan-Malignant-Disease-2012.pdf

Appendix 2: Acknowledgements

Thanks are due to the following colleagues who kindly reviewed and commented on draft sections and chapters of the handbook:

Shubha Allard

Barts and The Royal London Hospitals and NHSBT

Su Brailsford

NHSBT and Public Health England

Therese Callaghan

Royal Liverpool University Hospital and NHSBT

Richard Carter

Hospital Liaison Committee for Jehovah’s Witnesses, Leeds

Chris Elliott

The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough

Rebecca Gerrard

NHSBT, Liverpool (and her colleagues in the Patient Blood Management Team)

Andrea Harris

NHSBT, Birmingham

Patricia Hewitt

NHSBT, Colindale

Catherine Howell

Chief Nurse of Patient Services, NHSBT

Marina Karakantza

Leeds Teaching Hospitals and NHSBT

David Keeling

Oxford University Hospitals

Phil Learoyd

NHSBT, Leeds (retired)

Brian McLelland

SNBTS, Edinburgh

Sheila MacLennan

NHSBT, Leeds

Edwin Massey

NHSBT, Bristol

Mike Murphy

Oxford University Hospitals and NHSBT

Sue Murtaugh

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust

Helen New

St Mary’s Hospital, London and NHSBT

Kate Pendry

Central Manchester University Hospitals and NHSBT

Liz Pirie

SNBTS, Edinburgh (and the many colleagues who commented on Chapter 4)

Simon Stanworth

Oxford University Hospitals and NHSBT

Hazel Tinegate

NHSBT, Newcastle upon Tyne

Paul Wade

Hospital Information Services for Jehovah’s Witnesses, London

Jonathan Wallis

The Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne

Mark Williams

NHSBT, Leeds

 

NHSBT – NHS Blood and Transplant

SNBTS – Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service